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Assault Rifles

Daewoo Precision Industries K1

The `Daewoo K1/K1A Carbine` is the first modern small firearm developed by the Republic of Korea. The K1 is a shoulder-fired, gas-operated, selective-fire carbine that feeds from a 20 or 30 round M16 magazine and has 1-in-12 rifling twist for the .223 Remington. The K1 uses the direct impingement gas system. The K1/K1A is manufactured by Daewoo.

Daewoo Precision Industries K1

Daewoo Precision Industries K1

Daewoo Precision Industries K1/K1A assault carbine is the first modern firearm developed by Agency of Defense Development (ADD) and manufactured by S&T Daewoo and entered service in Republic of Korea Armed Forces in 1981.

The Republic of Korea Army Special Warfare Command (ROKASWC), in 1976, asked for a new weapon to replace the old M3 Grease Gun. In the following year, ADD launched a project named XB rifle, and the project aimed at the following:

  • greater firepower than SMG class
  • light weight for easy carrying
  • cost effectiveness
  • must be indigenous for improved capacity to produce military firearms independently of other nations

The prototypes were made in 1980 and entered service in 1981. However due to the design of its flash suppressor, the K1 exhibited serious problems in service with ROK armed forces, such as:

  • Excessive recoil and weak stock due to increase in firepower
  • Excessive noise and flash
  • Difficulty in aiming during night operation

These shortcomings were later fixed by the development and adoption of a new flash suppressor, which has three holes in the top right quadrant to limit muzzle flip under rapid fire and reduces flash to one-third of that of the early K1. Moreover, 3-round burst mechanism was added for improved accuracy. This new version of K1 is known as the K1A and its production began in 1982. All K1 carbines in service were subsequently modified to the K1A standard.

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