Iraq War, also known as the occupation of Iraq, the second Gulf War, Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation New Dawn is an ongoing military campaign which began March 20, 2003, with the invasion of Iraq by a multinational force led by the troops of the United States and Great Britain.
Before the war, the governments of the United States and Britain claimed that Iraq’s alleged possession of weapons of mass destruction constitutes a threat to their safety and that of their coalition and its regional allies. In 2002, the UN adopted Resolution 1441 requiring Iraq to cooperate fully with UN inspectors to verify that Iraq did not possess weapons of mass destruction and missile cruisers. UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission found no evidence of weapons of mass destruction, but could not verify the accuracy of Iraq’s weapons declaration. Chief weapons inspector Hans Blix urged the Security Council if Iraq had cooperated in the form of access, the statements’s mass destruction in Iraq could not be confirmed.
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After the investigation after the invasion, the U.S. led Iraq Survey Group concluded that Iraq had ended its nuclear, chemical and biological programs in 1991 and had no active programs at time of invasion, but they intended to resume production if sanctions against Iraq were lifted. Although some degraded remnants of misplaced or abandoned chemical weapons from before 1991 have been found, they are not the weapons that had been the main argument to justify the invasion. Some U.S. officials have also accused Iraqi President Saddam Hussein of harboring and supporting al-Qaeda, but no evidence of a significant correlation was not found. Others proclaimed the reasons for the invasion included \ Iraq in support of the families of Palestinian suicide bombers, the Iraqi government human rights violations, and an attempt to spread democracy in the country.
The invasion of Iraq has led to an obsession and a possible capture of President Hussein, who was later tried in an Iraqi court and executed by the new Iraqi government. Violence against coalition forces and among various sectarian groups soon led to the Iraqi insurgency, strife between many Sunni and Shiite Iraqis, and the emergence of a new faction of Al Qaeda in Iraq. In October 2006, estimates the office of High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Iraqi government more than 365,000 Iraqis have been displaced since 2006 the bombing of the al-Askari Mosque, bringing the total number of refugees Iraqis more than $ 1.6 million. In 2008, UNHCR raised the estimate of refugees from a total of about 4.7 million. The number of refugees abroad is estimated that 2 million and the number of internally displaced persons was 2.7 million euros. In 2007, Iraq informed the s’anti-corruption council that 35% of Iraqi children, or children about five million orphans. The Red Cross in March 2008 that Iraq’s humanitarian situation remains one of the most critical in the world, with millions of Iraqis forced to rely on inadequate water supplies and poor quality.
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In June 2008, U.S. officials claimed the Department of Defense, security and economic indicators began to show signs of improvement in what he considered a significant and fragile. Iraq was fifth in 2008, states in the Index, and sixth in the 2009 list. As public opinion in favor of increasing troop withdrawal and Iraqi forces began to assume responsibility for security, told members of the coalition forces. In late 2008 authorized the U.S. and the Iraqi government a status of forces efficiently through January 1, 2012. The Iraqi parliament also ratified a strategic framework agreement with the United States aimed at ensuring cooperation on constitutional rights, intimidation, deterrence, education, energy development and other areas.
In late February 2009, new U.S. President Barack Obama announced an 18-month withdrawal window for combat forces, with approximately 50,000 troops remaining in the country “to advise and train Iraqi security forces and to provide intelligence and surveillance”. General Ray Odierno, the top U.S. military commander in Iraq, said he believes all U.S. troops will be out of the country by the end of 2011, while UK forces ended combat operations on April 30, 2009. Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has said he supports the accelerated pullout of US forces.